Mark 4:12. As dim-sighted people cannot blame the sun for dazzling their eyes with its brightness; and those whose hearing is weak cannot complain of a clear and loud voice which the defect of their ears hinders them from hearing; and, lastly, a man of weak intellect cannot find fault with the difficulty of a subject which he is unable to understand; so ungodly men have no right to blame the word for making them worse after having heard it. At the present day, those who have no other reproach to bring against the doctrine of the gospel maintain that the only effect produced by the preaching of it has been, that the world has become worse. Jeremiah 5:21; Ezekiel 12:2; Zechariah 7:11; Acts 7:57; 2 Timothy 4:4 "They shall turn away their ears from the truth, and (as the judicial and righteous retribution) shall be turned unto fables." The conviction of the prophet. daub their eyes, as the word is used also Isaiah 44:18. Such blinding and hardening influence does not arise out of the nature of the word, but is accidental, and must be ascribed exclusively to the depravity of man. (3) By Paul, as coming from the Holy Ghost when, after a whole day"s conference, they "believed not" (Acts 28:25-27). Amplified® Darby K.J.V. . . (2) The truth must, nevertheless, be proclaimed. A Vision. Fat, i.e. Is God unwilling to heal? Accordingly, the demonstrative particle הנה, (hinneh,) behold, is emphatic, and implies that the people whom the Lord had peculiarly chosen for himself do not hear the word, and shut their eyes amidst the clearest light. They are estranged and backward.” (1:4). (96) Here the former statement is more fully expressed; for God informs Isaiah beforehand, not only that his labor in teaching will be fruitless, but that by his instruction he will also blind the people, so as to be the occasion of producing greater insensibility and stubbornness, and to end in their destruction. When we repent, he is reconciled to us, and the rods with which he chastised us are no longer employed. He speaks of Judeans as rebellious children (1:2) and “people loaded with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children who deal corruptly! Isaiah 6:10 (King James Version) A.F.V A.S.V. (a). It is commonly used in this sense in the Scriptures. It is commonly used in this sense in the Scriptures. Then, offering reconciliation he holds out remedies for all diseases, not only of the body but of the soul. So that it signifies to close up the eyes by some matter spread upon the lids. NASB E-Prime R.S.V. But they are doubly wicked when they not only do not apply to their proper use, but wickedly corrupt and profane, those gifts which God had bestowed on them. (G. Cron, M. Lord--here Adonai, Jehovah in Isaiah 6:5; Jesus Christ is meant as speaking in Isaiah 6:10, according to John 12:41. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. (1) That the effect of truth is often to irritate people and make them more wicked. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. In both cases, too, those who heard God"s Word had the opportunity and the ability to respond to it positively, but they chose to respond negatively. Ver. this chapter immediately follows and precedes examples of wrong reaction to God"s word [, "The elect are not saved because they are creatures of light; they too were creatures of darkness and in them there was no goodness, nothing that would attract the light. Is not this the fast that I have chosen?] Those hearts which formerly were of brass or iron ought to be softened by it; how then is it possible that it can harden them, as I have already observed? By this it is not meant that Isaiah was to aim at and put forth what power he possessed to lead the people of Judah deeper and ever deeper into error and sire That was an errand on which God was morally incapable of sending him. (St. Thomas Aquinas, [Summa Theologiae] 1. q. xxiv. In the NT repentance means a "change of mind." Be healed of sin, which is the disease of the soul, by remission and sanctification, and of all the deadly effects of sin. The theme of chapter 24 is sounded in its opening words: “Behold, Yahweh makes the earth empty, makes it waste, turns it upside down, and scatters its inhabitants” (24:1a). In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lifted up, and the train of His robe filled the temple.Above it stood seraphim; each one had six wings: with two he covered his face, with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. Yet if you inquire into the first cause, we must come to the predestination of God. Let us try to read with fresh eyes to see as Isaiah sees (see last week’s commentary for more on how Isaiah sees). The heaviness or torpidity is vigilant “lest” conversion should follow the prophet’s gospel. to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke? It is from the heart that corruption flows into the ears and eyes (Mark 7:21-22); but through the eye and ears healing reaches the heart (Romans 10:17) (Bengel). (10) Make the heart of this people fat.âThe thought is the same as that of the âhardeningâ of Pharaohâs heart (Exodus 8:19; Exodus 9:34, &c) and that of Sihon (Deuteronomy 2:30). John then added, "These things Isaiah said, because he saw His glory, and he spoke of Him" ( John 12:41). John Trapp Complete Commentary. Isaiah 27 Chapter 26 This chapter is a song of holy joy and praise, in which the great things God had engaged, in the foregoing chapter, to do for his people against his enemies and their enemies are celebrated: it is prepared to be sung when that prophecy should be accomplished; for we must be forward to meet God with our thanksgivings when he is coming towards us with his mercies. Isaiah could do no more. The whole blame lies on themselves in altogether refusing it admission; and we need not wonder if that which ought to have led them to salvation become the cause of their destruction. Possibly the phrase refers to the barbarous practice, not unknown in the East, of thus closing the eyes as a punishment. God sometimes, in righteous judgment, gives men up to blindness of mind, because they will not receive the truth in the love of it. The whole blame of the evil is laid on the people for rejecting the amazing kindness of God; and hence is obtained a more complete solution of that difficulty to which we formerly adverted. That our faith may not fail, we ought to employ this support, that the office of teaching was enjoined on Isaiah, on the condition that, in scattering the seed of life, it should yield nothing but death; and that this is not merely a narrative of what once happened, but a prediction of the future kingdom of Christ, as we shall find to be stated shortly afterwards. Fat things are less sensible, and fat hearted people are noted by Aristotle for dull and stupid. Isaiah 6:10 Context. Nevertheless He directed the prophet to preach repentance, because the judgment of hardness suspended over the people as a whole did not preclude the possibility of the salvation of individuals. And convert.] Those only can with comfort stay upon God, who return to him in truth, not in pretence and profession only. Matthew 13:14-15; Mark 4:10-12; Luke 8:10; John 12:39-41; Acts 28:26-27; Romans 11:8). Footnotes. 98) mentions a son of the Great Mogul who was thus punished by his father. Burder (Oriental Customs, i. It is undoubtedly true, that when we are drawn inwardly, (John 6:44,) it is an extraordinary gift of God, and that the arm of God is not revealed to all, (Isaiah 53:1;) but by this dreadful punishment of obstinate malice, Isaiah intended to teach, that we ought earnestly to beware of despising when God calls. 10. Lest they should see with their eyes, &c.] Or, That they may not see with their eyes, or hear, &c., but be as so many sots and stocks or statues, that have eyes and see not, &c., to their utter ruin and destruction. Isaiah: New *Heavens and a New Earth. The traditional Jewish and Christian view is that the Book of Isaiah was written by the prophet of that name who lived during the 8 th and possibly 7 th century BC. That what we hear and see, we understand with the heart - that is, that there be yielded thereunto both assent of the mind and consent of the will, this is faith; (3.) To hear, and not understand; to see, and not perceive; is a common saying in many languages. To this wrath Israel had delivered itself up through its continued obstinacy in sinning. Sin is often represented as a painful, loathsome malady, and forgiveness as restoration from such a malady; Isaiah 30:26; Psalm 103; Psalm 41:3-4; 2 Chronicles 7:14; Jeremiah 3:22; Jeremiah 17:14. Romans 11:8). He says it means closing up the eyes, so that one cannot see; that the root is שוע shava, by which word the Targum has rendered the word טח tach, Leviticus 14:42, בית את וטח vetach eth beith, "and shall plaster the house." The King: Who He is and what He will do (Isaiah 11:1-5) 2.The peace and blessing He brings (Isaiah 11:6-10) 3.The gathering of scattered Israel (Isaiah 11:11-16) It is a great vision of the future which this chapter unfolds.The critics deny that the blessed Person mentioned in the opening verses is our Lord Jesus. But his freedom was genuine; he really could have submitted to Yahweh. Shut their eyes, Heb. 8 Then he cried, “A lion, my Lord! 10. So the poets of Greece, in their thoughts as to the Divine government of the world, recognised the truth that there is a judicial blindness and, as it were, insanity of will that comes as the consequence of sinful deeds ( Ãsch. Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. “On this mountain,” God labors (God’s self!) Commentary on Isaiah 6:9-13 (Read Isaiah 6:9-13) God sends Isaiah to foretell the ruin of his people. And Ezekiel says, "When I came to destroy the city," that is, as it is rendered in the margin of our version, "when I came to prophesy that the city should be destroyed;" Ezekiel 43:3. Their ears heavy - Dull, stupid, insensible. Gross and heavy, stupid and unteachable, hard and obdurate; which is sometimes done by the preaching of the Gospel, through the wickedness of man's heart, that being the savour of death unto death to some, just as the sun hardens the clay; or declare that their hearts are thus gross and stupid; or that I will give them up to a judicial hardness of heart: and make their ears heavy: that they cannot hear the word, so as to understand it; they having stopped the ear, and plucked away the shoulder, it is in righteous judgment that they are given up to such an insensibility as not to be capable of hearing and understanding what is delivered in the ministry of the word: and shut their eyes; they having wilfully shut their own eyes against all evidence of the Messiah, and the truth of his doctrines, they are given up to a judicial blindness; which still continues upon them, and will until the fulness of the Gentiles is brought in: lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understated with their heart; though only in a notional way, the things relating to the Messiah, the truths of the Gospel, and the ordinances thereof, and what may belong to their outward peace: and convert; or turn themselves by external repentance and reformation: and be healed: or forgiven in such sense as to be preserved from national ruin; which God willed not; for seeing they went such great lengths in sin, in rejecting the Messiah, and his Gospel, they were given up to a reprobate mind, to do things that were not convenient, that they might be destroyed; which destruction is after prophesied of. I.A.1.A. But the word of God brings salvation; at least some benefit must arise from the preaching of it, that it may do good to some, though many are deprived of the advantage by their own unbelief. His prophecy is not responsible for results produced by the hardness of the people to whom it is delivered. And be healed "And I should heal" - פא ואר veer pa, Septuagint, Vulgate. John 12:40. . A part of the blame we ought even to lay on ourselves, when the fruits are so scanty; and yet we must not abandon our office, or throw away our weapons. Isaiah 6:10 STU XRF TSK ... Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (10) Make the heart of this people fat.--The thought is the same as that of the "hardening" of Pharaoh's heart (Exodus 8:19; Exodus 9:34, &c) and that of Sihon (Deuteronomy 2:30). And shut their eyes - The word used here means “to spread over,” and then to close. This making of their hearts fat, is here ascribed to the prophet, as it is ascribed to God in the repetition of this prophecy, John 12:40, because God inflicted this judgment upon them by the ministry of the prophet, partly by way of prediction, foretelling that this would be the effect of his preaching; and partly by withdrawing the light and help of his Spirit. And when they shall be converted (98) Here he expressly declares that he did not send the Prophet because he intended to save the people; but, on the contrary, because he intended to destroy them. (John 12:41.) Commentary on Isaiah 10:20-34 (Read Isaiah 10:20-34) By our afflictions we may learn not to make creatures our confidence. The Assyrian Era (With Other Prophecies), Isaiah 1-39 I.A. This is not the first beginning of Isaiah's prophecies, but his inauguration to a higher degree of the prophetic office: Isaiah 6:9, &c., implies the tone of one who had already experience of the people's obstinacy. “Make the heart of this people fat,” etc. "The elect are not saved because they are creatures of light; they too were creatures of darkness and in them there was no goodness, nothing that would attract the light. Under the influence of these futures the two preterites לו ורפא שׁב affirm what might have been the result if this hardening had not taken place, but what would never take place now. They have shut their ears, says he, and closed their eyes. And make their ears heavy.] Blind. Seeing this is the case, make the heart of this people fat - declare it to be stupid and senseless; and remove from them the means of salvation, which they have so long abused. And be healed - Be restored from the malady of sin; be recovered and pardoned. The two are bound up in one another, inasmuch as sin from its very nature bears its own punishment, which consists in the wrath of God excited by sin. They have despised the Holy One of Israel. God crawls to the back of the wine cellar to retrieve the best vintage wines, wines that have aged for years, perhaps in preparation for this very occasion … Continue reading "Commentary on Isaiah 25:6-9" Theologically, it means changing from sinner to saint, filthy to holy, worldly to godly. Isaiah 8:6 Forasmuch as this people refuseth the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah’s son; Ver. Neither is there any the least injustice in such a proceeding. 'Proclaim truths, the result of which proclamation will be their becoming the more hardened' (Romans 1:28; Ephesians 4:18); but this does not so well as the former set forth God as designedly giving up sinners to judicial hardening (Romans 11:8; 2 Thessalonians 2:11). THE CONTEXT. It is right that the treachery and unbelief of men should be punished by meeting death where they might have received life, darkness where they might have had light; and, in short, evils as numerous as the blessings of salvation which they might have obtained. I think not. It is not the duty of the Prophets, therefore, to blind the eyes, but rather to open them. Written down seven times (Matthew 13:14. Commentary on Isaiah 6 (Isaiah’s Commission) April 20, 2016 Bill Pratt Leave a comment. From this it is evident, as we formerly said, that Christ was that God who filled the whole earth with his majesty. 6. There is a self-hardening in evil, which renders a man thoroughly incorrigible, and which, regarded as the fruit of his moral behaviour, is no less a judicial punishment inflicted by God, than self-induced guilt on the part of man. Think the like here. Isaiah 63:10. be healed—of their spiritual malady, sin (Isa 1:6; Ps 103:3; Jer 17:14). Shut their eyes.âLiterally, as in Isaiah 29:10, daub, or besmear. Possibly the phrase refers to the barbarous practice, not unknown in the East, of thus closing the eyes as a punishment. A.). 10.Harden the heart of this people. Which at times they would not, now they shall not; but having made a match with mischief, they shall henceforth have enough of it; they "love to have it so"; [Jeremiah 5:31] they "forsake their own mercies"; [Jonah 2:8] they are miserable by their own election. Commentary on Isaiah 35:1-10 View Bible Text “They will rejoice.” This is the first word of Isaiah’s vision in chapter 35, and it is the focus of the entire passage. and make their ears heavy: that they cannot hear the word, so as to understand it; they having stopped the ear, and plucked away the shoulder, it is in righteous judgment that they are given up to such an insensibility as not to be capable of hearing and understanding what is delivered in the ministry of the word: and shut their eyes; they having wilfully shut their own eyes against all evidence of the Messiah, and the truth of his doctrines, they are given up to a judicial blindness; which still continues upon them, and will until the fulness of the Gentiles is brought in: lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understated with their heart; though only in a notional way, the things relating to the Messiah, the truths of the Gospel, and the ordinances thereof, and what may belong to their outward peace: and convert; or turn themselves by external repentance and reformation: and be healed: or forgiven in such sense as to be preserved from national ruin; which God willed not; for seeing they went such great lengths in sin, in rejecting the Messiah, and his Gospel, they were given up to a reprobate mind, to do things that were not convenient, that they might be destroyed; which destruction is after prophesied of. The success of our ministry should not be our prime motivation to continue in the work of the gospel. And convert, and be healed - of their spiritual malady, sin (Isaiah 1:6; Psalms 103:3; Jeremiah 17:14). ", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Make the heart of this people fat "Gross" -, ὡστε το της παροιμιας ὁρωντας μη ὁρᾳν, και ακουοντας μη ακουειν. 1. They carry in their mouth the word of God, by which,as by a lamp, the steps of men ought to be guided; for this encomium, we know, has been pronounced on it by David. And this order ought to be carefully observed, from which it is evident what object the Lord has in view in inviting us to himself, and what is the design of the heavenly doctrine, namely, that we may be converted. [Acts 7:51] Antagoras, reciting his "Thebais," a book that he had made, among the Boeotians, and they little regarding him, he folded up his book, and said, Ye may well be called Boeotians, quia boum habetis aures, for ye have oxes’ ears - playing upon the notation of their name. --- Hebrew may be, "surely they will not see," &c. (Calmet). There is a saying precisely like this in Aeschylus: -, "Seeing, they saw in vain; and hearing, they did not understand.". To see with one's eyes will not convince a will that is opposed to the truth. Those, however, whom God did not ordain to life eternal, He passed by and for their sin ordained to dishonor and wrath. Isaiah 6 – Isaiah’s Conviction, Cleansing and Call A. The effect of Isaiah"s preaching would not be that the people would repent, but that they would harden their hearts against his messages (cf. Fat - Gross, heavy, dull, stupid. stupid and senseless; for the fat which is in the body is without sense; and fatness in the heart makes it dull and heavy. 98) mentions a son of the Great Mogul who was thus punished by his father. Forasmuch as this people.] God, however, out of His mere good pleasure did choose them and ordain them to life eternal, and when the blessed gospel was heard by them, they were given a heart that was then willing and able to hear and to respond. The heaviness or torpidity is vigilant “lest” conversion should follow the prophet’s gospel. Introduction. And the wolf also shall dwell with the lamb This, and the three following verses ( Isaiah 11:7-9) , describe the peaceableness of the Messiah's kingdom; and which the Targum introduces in this manner, ``in the days of the Messiah of Israel, peace shall be multiplied in the earth.'' Isaiah 11:6. Isaiah, A Brief Commentary Related Media. This is a truly remarkable declaration; not only because Isaiah here foretold what was afterwards fulfilled under the reign of Christ, but also because it contains a most useful doctrine, which will be of perpetual use in the Church of God; for all who shall labor faithfully in the ministry of the word will be laid under the necessity of meeting with the same result. Lest depends upon heavy. "return" In the OT this term (BDB 996, KB 1427, Qal PERFECT with waw) means "a change of action." (St. Isidore. Romans 1:18-32; Hebrews 6:4-6). This is an accidental effect of the word preached, and proceedeth from men’s corruptions. Make the heart of this people fat (Psalms 119:70) - 'render them the more hardened by thy warning, that they may he hurried along to destruction, to which they willfully hasten' (Maurer). Study the bible online using commentary on Isaiah 43 and more! Ver. Isaiah 6:10. Agam. This prophecy is of the deepest import in Israel"s history. Then said I, Here am I; send me. Solemnly quoted in three great dispensational crises: (1) By Christ (Matthew 13:14), as coming from Jehovah on the day a council was held "to destroy Him". That is, go and proclaim such "truth" to them as shall have this effect - as shall irritate, provoke, enrage them; truth, whose delivery shall be attended, in their gross and corrupt hearts, with this blinding and infatuating influence the effect would be produced by the corrupt state of their hearts, not by any native tendency of the truth, and still less by any direct divine influence. This detail is not incidental. ", "They shall turn away their ears from the truth, and (as the judicial and righteous retribution) shall be turned unto fables.". And shut their eyes - The word used here means "to spread over," and then to close. 6 In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord, high and exalted, seated on a throne; and the train of his robe filled the temple. This is our healing. They shall be healed. We cannot do everything we want to do. The meaning is, that they would so act that the effect of all his diligence and ingenuity to instruct and reform them would be to render them still more stupid and wicked, and still more the objects of the Lord’s displeasure. His freedom was not complete; human freedom never is. Gordon Churchyard. Make, &c. = Declare or foretell that the heart of this People will be fat. 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